Doing Business in Kazakhstan 2017 is the first report of the subnational Doing Business series in Kazakhstan. It measures business regulations and their enforcement in six regions (oblasts)—Aktobe, East Kazakhstan, Karagandy, Kostanay, Pavlodar and South Kazakhstan, each represented by its largest business city (Aktobe, Oskemen, Karagandy, Kostanay, Pavlodar and Shymkent)—as well as Almaty city and the capital city, Astana. The report measures regulations affecting 4 stages of the life of a small or medium-size business: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity and registering property.
- Where entrepreneurs in Kazakhstan establish their business matters for the regulatory hurdles they face. Regulatory efficiency varies substantially across locations in two of the four areas benchmarked—dealing with construction permits and getting electricity—because of differences in local interpretations of the law and in the level of implementation of recent reforms.
- Almaty city, which tends to be prompter than other locations to implement new reforms, has the most business-friendly regulation. In fact, Kazakhstan is regularly acknowledged as a leading reformer by the annual Doing Business report (represented by Almaty city). The capital city, Astana, which is often selected to pilot reforms, brings up the rear.
- Good practices can be found across Kazakhstan in all four areas of regulation covered. Reform-minded policy makers can make tangible improvements by replicating measures already successfully implemented within the country.
- By global comparison, Doing Business remains procedurally complex across Kazakhstan, in all areas measured except registering property.
- Doing Business is nonetheless relatively inexpensive in Kazakhstan. The country ranks 6th for the lowest cost to register property and among the top 30% of economies with the lowest cost to start a business
- There is still room to streamline business regulation—and as Kazakhstan seeks to move closer to the regulatory frontier, it could look beyond its borders to examples of good practice around the world.